Oedipus is the answer Oedipus is often considered the quintessential Aristotelian tragic hero. According to Greek mythology, when Oedipus was born, an oracle prophesied that Oedipus would ultimately destroy his father and marry his mother. She leads her blind father on his travels and serves his needs. As a young man, Oedipus seeks out the oracle at Delphi and hears the wretched truth about himself. In Oedipus Rex, Creon is a brother of queen Jocasta, the wife of King Laius as well as Oedipus. The second requirement is a … Oedipus is a man of swift action and great insight. As he approaches the end of a lengthy prison sentence, Oedipus is ready to taste his long-awaited freedom. Oedipus, supposed son of Polybus, King of Corinth; now elected King of Thebes. In fact the plays form a trilogy (Oedipus Rex, Oedipus […] In fact the plays form a trilogy (Oedipus Rex, Oedipus […] A helpless infant who survives such a difficult start immediately grabs the audience’s attention. Oedipus, in Greek mythology, the king of Thebes who unwittingly killed his father and married his mother. Jocasta rejoices — surely this is proof that the prophecy Oedipus heard is worthless. Further, he worked his complex out by doing just that with tragic results. Brother of Jocasta.Whereas Oedipus is the charismatic leader who speaks openly in front of his people, Creon is more political and perhaps more scheming. Oedipus is presented with a series of choices throughout the play, and his arrogant and stubborn nature push him to impulsively make the wrong decisions, the decisions that ultimately lead him to his downfall. A few dudes roll up to the crossroads and tell Oedipus to get out of the way. He is renowned for his intelligence and his ability to solve riddles—he saved the city of Thebes and was made its king by solving the riddle of the Sphinx, the supernatural being that had held the city captive. Tiresias, an old blind seer. Oedipus took up the cudgels for his people and decided to figure out by himself who killed Laius. Learn about a little known plugin that tells you if you're getting the best price on Amazon. In Oedipus Rex, Oedipus blames the god Apollo for his fate, though he says that he alone is responsible for his reaction in blinding himself, which he does not regret. As the article stated, the oracle predicted that King Laius would be “doomed/to perish by the hand of his own son.” Laius decided to deliver his son to a servant with orders to kill him. - 405 B.C.E. He arrives at the kingdom in Thebes, which is protected by the curse of the Sphinx. Their violence toward each other cannot, in their minds, be the enactment of the oracle’s prophecy. He has his people’s best interests at heart at the beginning of the play. Here, Oedipus is arguing that while it is impossible to avoid one's fate, how you respond to your fate is a matter of free will. Tragic drama that is centered on the dilemma of a single central character largely begins with Sophocles and is exemplified by his Oedipus, arguably the most influential play ever written. Thus he heads to Thebes and encounters his birth father on the way. "Whatever, jerk," the guys say, and a fight breaks out. In what way does Oedipus typify the protagonist of a tragedy? It is important to point out that psychologically speaking, Oedipus did not have a complex. Still, Oedipus worries about fulfilling the Oedipus goes out a-wanderin' and comes upon a place where three roads meet. In Oedipus Rex, Creon is a brother of queen Jocasta, the wife of King Laius as well as Oedipus. Oedipus. He is the son of a king A central idea of Oedipus the King concerns how difficult it is for humans to: face the truth about themselves. Throughout this mythic story of patricide and incest, Sophocles emphasizes the irony of a man determined to track down, expose, and punish an assassin, who turns out to be himself. Thebes is … Oedipus may be the protagonist of the story, but Creon is its hero. オイディプス王』（またはオイディプース王; -おう、ギリシャ語： Oἰδίπoυς τύραννoς, ラテン文字表記：Oedipus Tyrannus）は、古代ギリシャ 三大悲劇詩人の一人であるソポクレスが、紀元前427年ごろに書いた戯曲。 Oedipus Rex Study Guide Questions Lit Terms – Feel free to add others as we read. Amazon Doesn't Want You to Know About This Plugin. Instead, many now lead toward the explanation that children may specifically identify with one parent at a time. Oedipus was a tragic hero of Greek mythology, a king doomed to a dire fate because he unknowingly killed his father and married his mother. He is unaware, at the start of the play, that he has murdered his father and slept with his mother. This was an interesting article but I'm still a little confused about what it's all about. Oedipus Rex Study Guide Questions Lit Terms – Feel free to add others as we read. Perhaps one of the greatest characters to fall into fates gazed was Oedipus from Sophocles’ play Oedipus the King. If he had never answer the riddle he would not have been named the King of Thebes. Considered a pariah because of his sins, Oedipus suffers abuse and rejection everywhere he goes. He absolutely did not want to kill his father or marry his mother. Oedipus Rex, also known by its Greek title, Oedipus Tyrannus (Ancient Greek: Ο?δίπους Τύραννος, pronounced [oidípoːs týrannos]), or Oedipus the King, is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles that was first performed around 429 When first reading the play, Oedipus is hailed as the hero for solving the Sphinx’s riddle and he is crowned the new king of Thebes. For everyone’s surprise, Tiresias told the truth: Oedipus himself was the murderer and the curse. Sophocles, with Aeschylus and Euripides, one of classical Athens’s three great tragic playwrights. To the modern audience, Oedipus’ plight was used by Freud to describe his theory of the Oedipal Complex, the desire of boys and men to surpass their father and be sexual equals to their mothers. Oedipus begins life born to a man who first tortures and mutilates him and then tries to have him murdered. Finally Teiresias gives in and makes the bold statement, "Thou art the man, Thou the accursed polluter of this land." Naturally this may lead to a little jealousy on the part of the neglected parent. An example of the Oedipus behavior is a forty year old man who's never moved away from his mother and doesn't leave … He is self-confident, intelligent, and strong willed. A shepherd pities Oedipus and he is ultimately adopted by the childless King and Queen of Corinth. He now sets about finding the murderer of the former king Laius to save Thebes Oedipus was a tragic hero of Greek mythology, a king doomed to a dire fate because he unknowingly killed his father and married his mother. Teiresias names Oedipus as the pollution, and hints at ongoing crimes; Oedipus does not believe him, and His story is the tale of someone who, because he did not know his true identity, followed the wrong path in life. Aus diesem Grund machte sich eines Tages Laios auf den Weg zum Orakel von Delphi und erhielt Kunde von dem Fluch. contributor for many years. With Jocasta, he has four children. She is especially passionate about reading and writing, although her other interests include オイディプース（古希: Οἰδίπους, Oidipūs, ラテン語: Oedipus）は、ギリシア神話の登場人物である。長母音を省略してオイディプス、あるいはエディプスとも表記される。テーバイの王ラーイオスとその妻イオカステーの間の子。名前は「膨れ上がった足」の意味。実の父を殺し、実の母と親子婚を行ったため、オイディプースの名は「エディプスコンプレックス」の語源になった。, ラーイオスは、子供を作るべきではないとの神託を受けた。もし子供を作れば、その子供がラーイオスを殺すというのである。しかしラーイオスは酔ったおりに妻イオカステーと交わり、男児をもうけた。神託を恐れたラーイオスは男児を殺そうと考えたが、殺すには忍びなく、男児の踵をブローチで刺し、従者に男児を渡してキタイローンの山中に置き去りにするよう命じた。, しかし従者もまた殺すには忍びないと考えたため、男児をキタイローンの山中にいた羊飼いに渡し、遠くへ連れ去るように頼んだ。, コリントス王ポリュボスとその妻メロペー（異説ではペリボイア、メドゥーサとも）には、子供が生まれなくて困っていたため、羊飼いは男児を二人に渡した。ブローチで刺された男児の踵が腫れていた為、ポリュボスとメロペーは男児をオイディプース（腫れた足）と名づけた。, 成長したオイディプースは他の者よりも能力が勝っていたため、これを嫉んだ者達が酒席で、オイディプースはポリュボスとメロペーの実子ではないと中傷した。疑いながらも不安に思ったオイディプースは、ポリュボスとメロペーを詰問したが、満足のいく回答が得られなかった。そこで神々に真実を聞こうと、デルポイでアポローンの神託を受けたが、アポローンは彼の問いに答えず、「故郷に近寄るな、両親を殺すであろうから」と教えた。, ポリュボスとメロペーとを実の両親と信じるオイディプースは、コリントスを離れて旅に出た。, 戦車に乗って旅をしている最中、ポーキスの三叉路に差し掛かったところで、戦車に乗った実の父ラーイオスが前方からあらわれた。ラーイオスの従者ポリュポンテースが、オイディプースに道を譲るよう命令し、これに従わぬのをみるや彼の馬を殺した。これに怒ったオイディプースは、ポリュポンテースとラーイオスを殺した。（殺害方法には、打ち殺したという説と谷底に突き落としたという説がある）ラーイオスが名乗らなかった為、オイディプースは自分が殺した相手が誰であるかを知らなかった。, プライタイアイ王ダマシストラトスがラーイオスを埋葬し、彼亡き後のテーバイは、メノイケオスの子クレオーンが摂政として治めた。, オイディプースはポーキスの三叉路から逃げてテーバイへと向かった。この頃テーバイは、ヘーラーにより送られたスピンクス（スフィンクス）という怪物に悩まされていた。, スピンクスはオルトロスを父とし、エキドナを母とする怪物で、女面にして胸と脚と尾は獅子、鳥の羽を持っていた。スピンクスはムーサより謎を教わって、ピーキオン山頂に座し、そこを通るものに謎を出して、謎が解けぬ者を喰らっていた。この謎は「一つの声をもちながら、朝には四つ足、昼には二本足、夜には三つ足で歩くものは何か。その生き物は全ての生き物の中で最も姿を変える」というものであった。, テーバイ人達は、「この謎が解かれた時スピンクスの災いから解放されるであろう」という神託を得ていた為、謎を解くべく知恵を絞ったが、誰も解く事は出来ず、多くの者がスピンクスに殺された（一説によるとクレオーンの子ハイモーンもまたスピンクスに殺された）。この為クレオーンは、「この謎を解いた者にテーバイの街とイオカステーを与える」という布告を出した。, 「答えは人間である。何となれば人間は幼年期には四つ足で歩き、青年期には二本足で歩き、老いては杖をついて三つ足で歩くからである」, 謎を解かれて面目を失ったスピンクスは、自ら城山より身を投じて死んだ（謎が解かれた場合は死ぬであろうという予言があったためとする話もある）。また、このスピンクスの問いの答えは「オイディプース」であるという穿った異説もある（後述）。, スピンクスを倒したオイディプースはテーバイの王となった。そして実の母であるイオカステーを、そうとは知らずに娶り、二人の男児と二人の女児をもうけた。男児はそれぞれエテオクレースとポリュネイケースといい、女児はアンティゴネーとイスメーネー（英語版）という。, オイディプースがテーバイの王になって以来不作と疫病が続いた。クレオーンがデルポイに神託を求めた所、「不作と疫病はラーイオス殺害の穢れの為であるので、殺害者を捕らえテーバイから追放せよ」という神託を得た。, オイディプースはそこで過去に遡って調べを進めるが、次第にそのあらましが、自分がこの地に来たときのポーキスの三叉路でのいざこざに似ていることに気が付く。さらに調べを進めるうち、やはりそれが自分であること、しかも自分がラーイオス王の子であったこと、母との間に子をもうけたこと、つまりは以前の神託を実現してしまったことを知る。それを知るやイオカステーは自殺し、オイディプースは絶望して自らの目をえぐり、追放された（娘と共に放浪の旅に出て行ったという説もある）。, 古い形の伝説では、オイディプースは自分の母を妻にしている事を知った後でも、そのまま王であり続けている。, また一つの解釈として、スピンクスの謎かけの答えは「オイディプース」であるとも言われる。それは、初めは立派な人間（＝二つ足）であったが、母と交わるという獣の行いを犯し（＝四つ足）、最後は盲目となって杖をついて（＝三つ足）国を出て行く、と言うオイディプースの数奇な運命を表すものである（この解釈では朝・昼・夜という時系列は、青年期・壮年期・老年期となる）。この解釈は蜷川幸雄演出の『オイディプス王』（2002年、野村萬斎主演）でも演じられた。, 娘と共に諸国をさすらったオイディプースは、その後アテーナイに辿り着いた。アテーナイ王テーセウスはオイディプースを手厚く庇護し、コローノスの森でオイディプースが最期を迎えることを認める。テーセウスに見守られ、ようやく安息の地を得たオイディプースは、地中へ姿を消した（『コロノスのオイディプス』）。, オイディプースとイオカステは二人の息子（エテオクレース、ポリュネイケース）と二人の娘（アンティゴネー、イスメーネー）を残した。二人の男児は長じてから、テーバイの王位継承をめぐって争いを起こす。その結果、テーバイを追放されたポリュネイケースは、七人の将でテーバイを攻めるが（『テーバイ攻めの七将』）、失敗に終わる。戦争中にオイディプースの息子達は相打ちになって死亡する。, 一方、オイディプースの二人の娘はオイディプースとともに諸国を放浪した（『コロノスのオイディプス』）が、オイディプースが死ぬとテーバイへと帰る。その後、二人の息子による前述の戦争が起こり、テーバイを裏切った兄ポリュネイケースの遺体は埋葬を許されず、野ざらしになっていたため、しかしアンティゴネーは兄の骸に砂をかけ、埋葬の代わりとした。このことで彼女は死刑を宣告され、牢で自害した（『アンティゴネー』）。, 戦争から10年後、七将の息子たち（エピゴノイ）は父親の志を継ぐべくテーバイへの再攻撃を企て、テーバイを陥落させた。途中、エテオクレースの子ラーオダマースは戦死する。, 一方、ポリュネイケースの子テルサンドロスは、テーバイでの戦争に勝利した後、トロイア戦争に参加したが、ギリシア軍は間違ってミューシアに上陸し、テーレポス王と戦争になった。ギリシア軍はテーレポスによって敗走させられ、テルサンドロスは最後まで戦ったが、テーレポスに討たれた。, ドミニク・アングルによる『スフィンクスの謎を解くオイディプス』1808年 ルーヴル美術館所蔵, ギュスターヴ・モローによる『オイディプスとスフィンクス』1864年 メトロポリタン美術館所蔵, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=オイディプース&oldid=79947339, この項目では、ギリシャ神話の登場人物オイディプースについて説明しています。この人物を主人公とした. 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