hindu kush people

312-315. Needless to say, it is enjoyed in recreation just as much: to close a hard day smoothly, break a couple of hashy sticky buds and enjoy the peace and quiet. Moreover, significant economic and cultural areas lie on either side, namely the Kabul basin with the regions Kōh Dāman and Kohistan (Kuhestān) in the south and the oases of Qaṭaḡan (Ḡōri, Baḡlān, Qonduz, Ḵānābād) in the north. Ebn Hawqal (p. 449, tr. The buds are dense and highly resinous. It originates from the Hindu Kush mountain range, on the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, and made its way to the US in the 60s. The Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is one of the most vibrant, distinct and intricate mountain systems in the world. This article needs additional citations for verification. Prior to modern legal prohibition of the custom, the dead were disposed of, unburied, in heavy wooden coffins. Hindu Kush is a popular medical strain that fights muscle spasms, chronic pains, nausea, insomnia, irritation, high blood pressure. Kyrgyz nomads formerly occupied the high pamir but migrated to eastern Turkey in the 1980s during the Afghan War. Kramers and Wiet, p. 435) called the Panjšēri stupid and corrupt, a reputation that followed them deep into the 19th century (Wood, p. 276). Friedrich Kussmaul, “Siedlung und Gehöft bei den Tağiken in den Bergländern Afġanistans,” Anthropos 60, 1965, pp. The Hindu Kush can be divided orographically into four parts (Grötzbach, 1990, pp. Women, children and well-being in the mountains of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the southern Hindu Kush, but also in other parts of the mountains, many villages outside the irrigated land are positioned on the slope of the valley in such a way that the roof of a lower-lying house functions as the terrace of the one above. 52-61. The Tajiks, Kho, and Hazāra entrust the care of the cattle and the processing of the milk on the high pastures mainly to the women, whereas the Nuristani assign it to the men (Scheibe, ed., p. 132; Edelberg and Jones, p. 50; Grötzbach, 1972, p. 110). HINDU KUSH, the name given to the southwest range of the massive middle and south Asiatic mountain complex lying partly in Afghanistan and partly in Pakistan. Cattle are also kept in varying numbers on the high pastures up to the glaciers. Here there are sparse juniper forests from around 1,500 m to 3,000 m. The inner valleys of the Hindu Kush are in the rain shadow and display desert vegetation apart form surface-water shrubs along rivers and streams. The native farmers come into competition here with nomadic Pashtun sheep grazers for the summer pastures. This weed grows mainly on foothills of the Hindu Kush mountain range that stretches 500 miles between Pakistan and Afghanistan, historically used primarily for hashish production. While that in part is true, you should know that the term refers to an Indica variety of cannabis that originates from the Hindu Kush mountains. Small hydroelectric power plants generate electricity for mountain villages in Pakistan. In the Sālang valley many villages and hamlets are built like a fortress onto the slope. Due to this vast population, the area is diverse, with 1,000 unique languages represented in the mountains alone. For centuries this light-skinned, pagan people have claimed to be the long-lost descendants of Alexander the Great's world-conquering armies, which invaded this region in the fourth century … Ten major rivers of Hindu Kush Himalaya are a lifeline for nearly 2 billion people in eight countries. But there are widespread variations in total volume and per capita water withdrawal, contribution of surface & groundwater to total withdrawals, and percentage of water withdrawals from total renewable freshwater resources, says Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment, a new … The Kalash people are one of the main inhabitant groups of Hindu Kush and claim to be descendants of Alexander the Greatreligion 8 of the best Kush strains Afghan Kush. Schuyler Jones, An Annotated Bibliography of Nuristan (Kafiristan) and Kalash Kafirs of Chitral, Dansk videnskabernes Selskab, Hist.-filos. In the north the Hindu Kush is separated from the mountains of northern Badaḵšān by the valley of the Kokča and from the Pamir by the valley of the Panj or Āmu Daryā (q.v.). Hindu Kush seeds are conditioned to form crystal trichome coats that protect the plant from the surrounding climate. Moḥammad-Nāder Khan and Borhān-al-Din Kuškaki, Rāhnemā-ye Qaṭḡan wa Badaḵšān, ed. Idem, Kulturgeograph-ischer Wandel in Nordost-Afghanistan seit dem 19. Every village in the Pakistan portion of the mountains can be reached by jeep; tracks over such high passes as Shandur and Lawarai in Gilgit and Chitral districts have reduced the isolation of these valleys. GR Letter When and why the continental crust is subducted: Examples of Hindu Kush and Burma Tetsuzo Senoa,⁎,Hafiz Ur Rehmanb a Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan b Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kohrimoto 1-21-35, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan Hindu Kush is a popular medical strain that fights muscle spasms, chronic pains, nausea, insomnia, irritation, high blood pressure. Ancient texts report spinel ruby and rock crystal, but no commercial mining of these minerals is carried on today. Hindu Kush photos. 334-35; Moqaddasi, pp. The New York Times recently published an article that had a fascinating description of the Kalash, an ancient ethnic group living high in the remote mountains of Pakistan's Hindu Kush. The traffic system was changed once again by the Afghan civil war (1978-2001) and the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. Best consumed at night time. The western Hindu Kush is much more easily traversable. Hindu Kush, great mountain system of Central Asia that stretches some 500 miles (800 km) in length and as much as 150 miles (240 km) in width. Lennart Edelberg and Schuyler Jones, Nuristan, Graz, 1979. ), which run … M. Hasan Kakar, Afghanistan: AStudy in International Political Developments 1880-1896, Kabul, 1971. Gesellschaft 54, 1969, pp. A remarkable feature of the settlement structure is the amount of seasonal settlements, the number of which increases with the altitude. Since the 11th century they were called “Kafir,” a term whose pejorative origins—derived from the Arabic word for “infidel”—led to reconsideration of these groups’ names and classification in recent times. 265-76. In the north, hydropower is generated at Pol-e Khomrī and Kondūz. 1 of 6 Next. Small groups of Waḵi (from Waḵān, the upper course of the Panj or Āmu Daryā) have also moved to Upper Chitral, Hunza, and Tāšqorḡān (Sinkiang/Xinjiang; see Kreutzmann, pp. Hindu... Purple Kush. If you're naturally prone to high nervousness, maybe this strain isn't for you. Stay in touch. 115-34. The high altitudes of the mountains have historical significance in South and Central Asia. is a forester and Gender and Development specialist at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in Kathmandu.. The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment: Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People The Hindu Kush Himalayan Monitoring and Assessment Programme ( HIMAP ) is a long-term, integrated science–policy initiative coordinated by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD). On the southeast (Pakistan) side of the Hindu Kush, most people are Kohistani, an ethnic group that shows a marked cultural unity from Kashmir to Kabul. A. Scheibe, ed., Deutsche im Hindukusch: Bericht der Deutschen Hindukuschexpedition 1935 der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft, Berlin, 1937. Hindu Kush is the fusion of the archetypal smells which, in the unconscious mind of man, symbolize life’s pleasures (culinary spices) and inward research (incense and … Sharma remarked that the Hindu Kush Himalayas are home to 240 million people, with 1.9 billion people living in the surrounding hills and river basins. Hans D. Leicht as Reisen ans Ende der Welt: Das grösste Abenteuer des Mittlalters, 1325-1353, Tübingen, 1975. The Egyptian term for these people was K-'-sh and K-'-sh-i. tr. 241-42): (1) The western Hindu Kush between Darra-ye Šekāri and the Shibar Pass in the west and the Khawak (Ḵavāk) Pass in the east, that meddelelser, 2 vols., Copenhagen, 1966-69. In geological tectonic terms, the Hindu Kush is part of the young Eurasian mountain range complex, which has risen since the late Tertiary period. Lowers your blood pressure. In many of its features, the Hindu Kush resembles its eastern neighbour, the Karakoram Range, which extends westward from Tibet into Pakistan. Two peoples of the region, the Kalasha of Chitral and the Nūrestāni (Nūristāni) of Nūrestān, were traditionally considered part of … The border with the Karakoram and the Hindu Raj is marked in the east by the deep saddle of the Baroghil (Bāruḡil) Pass (3,804 m) and the valleys of the Yarḵun, Mastuj, and Chitral (q.v. The name Hindu Kush is, from a historical point of view, quite young. Forage, timber, and water are the most heavily exploited resources in the Hindu Kush. Kalash tribe practises a form of ancient Hinduism that recognizes various gods and spirits. In 1933 the first motor road over the Hindu Kush was opened, crossing the mountains at the Shibar Pass (2,936 m). What Kush was called by its inhabitants at this time is unclear; perhaps it was always known as Kush – or some variant thereof – since Egyptian inscriptions also refer to it as Ku… How far their culture is still alive, or alternatively petrified into touristic folklore, is difficult to judge. Many local toponyms are Turkic in origin. Small groups of Kafirs who in 1896 fled into neighboring British India still live, together with Kalash, in a few valleys of lower Chitral close to the Afghan border. breed by Seedsman Here you can find all info about Hindu Kush from Seedsman.If you are searching for information about Hindu Kush from Seedsman, check out our Basic Infos, Shop-Finder and Price Comparison or Lineage / Genealogy for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information - or list all Hindu Kush Strains (29) to find a … In the main it consists of metamorphic rocks (schist, gneiss, marble, etc. It is in their religion that their ethnic individuality is most strikingly expressed. Landrace (original) Kush strain is the Hindu Kush and is that one is a purebred indica that can grow almost anywhere. This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. This celebrity strain is a favorite of both breeders and patients alike thanks to its classic effects and gorgeous appearance. Short-takeoff-and-landing aircraft intermittently serve remote locations and provide daily service to Chitral and Gilgit. Hindu Kush is known as a pure indica landrace strain that originates in the Hindu Kush mountain range between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Air service to the Vākhān region and the western Hindu Kush in Afghanistan is infrequent. Ẓahir-al-Din Bābor’s list of the Hindu Kush passes indicates that the name was restricted to the high mountain range north of Kabul, meaning the west Hindu Kush, over which important trade routes ran from India or Kabul to Qaṭaḡan or Turān (Bābor-nāma, foll. The Hindu Kush extends over an area of around 55,000 km2, of which some 10,000 km2 is in Pakistan. Many previously abandoned side roads were reactivated by the Mojāhedin, and a roadway has even been laid between Chitral and Zēbāk in Badaḵšān over the Dorāh Pass. Many years ago, people discovered shrubby, small plants that looked like Christmas plants. 1330; tr., p. 53; Le Strange, Lands, p. 350). Most small bāzār locations in the area were only built in the 20th century and have no urban character. The Kafirs practiced a religion in which belief in spirits and shamanism was subordinate to a pantheon reminiscent of that of the ancient Oriental cultures of west Asia (Degener; Jettmar et al., 1975, p. 464). 409-11. It comprises important scientific research on the social, economic, and environmental pillars of sustainable mountain development and will serve as a basis for evidence-based decision-making to safeguard the environment and advance people’s well-being. The central and eastern Hindu Kush have only two passes (Dorah and Baroghil) that possessed any small significance for long-distance travel. Migrants, refugees from Afghanistan, and loggers have depleted much of the tree cover on the southern slopes, with the high forests of Nūrestān and the Hindu Raj remaining inaccessible. On the southeast (Pakistan) side of the Hindu Kush, most people are Kohistani, an ethnic group that shows a marked cultural unity from Kashmir to Kabul. Some people believe that it is where Buddhism came from. Beveridge, pp. The Kalasha do not seem to differ much from their neighbours, whether Nūrestāni or other. Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online.If you enter several tags, separate with commas. ), which run from there towards the southwest. The Hindu Kush range was a major centre of Buddhism with sites such as the Bamiyan Buddhas. They also practice animist traditions of nature worship. Of major importance is the all-weather road through the Sālang Tunnel linking northern and southern Afghanistan. XIX-CV. It comes with 22% THC. This assessment report establishes the value of the Hindu Kush Himalaya for the 240 million hill and mountain people across the eight countries sharing the region, for the 1.65 billion people in the river basins downstream, and ultimately for the world. In ancient mines producing lapis lazuli are found in Kowkcheh Valley, while gem-grade emeraldsare found north of Kabul in t… 83-129). 241-42): (1) The western Hindu Kush between Darra-ye Šekāri and the Shibar Pass in the west and the Khawak (Ḵavāk) Pass in the east, that rises to a height of 5,126 m. (2) The middle or central Hindu Kush, which includes the main ridge and all of the numerous spurs between the Khawak Pass in the east and the Dorah (Durāh) Pass in the west and reaches heights up to 6,843 m. (3) The eastern Hindu Kush from the Dorah Pass to the Baroghil Pass, over whose main ridge the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan runs, with several peaks over 7,000 m. The highest point of the whole mountain range is Tirich Mir (7,706 m), on a side ridge jutting out into Chitral. The Hindu Kush also contains several mineral reserves, some of historical and some of contemporary importance. These small communities are Ismaʿili Shiʿites, whereas the Tajiks are Sunnites. Thereafter the transit traffic was concentrated on the new road, whereas the other passes crumbled or retained a merely local significance. Hidden within the Hindu Kush mountains is a mysterious and ancient tribe of people called the Kalash Kafirs, translated literally as the ‘black-dressed infidels of Pakistan’. 14, 1965, pp. 487-532. It was only under the Amir ʿAbd-al-Raḥmān (r. 1880-1901) that the passes were made safe and the routes over the Khawak Pass through the Panjšēr valley, and over the Sālang and Shibar Pass, acquired new significance. 130a-31a, 272b. Also like forts are the seats of the old country aristocracy, which are often isolated farms. Study and exploration General descriptions of the Hindu Kush valleys are found in the ancient records of such pilgrims as the Chinese Buddhist monk Xuanzang, who exited South Asia through the Hindu Kush in the mid-7th century ce, and from scribes who accompanied invaders from Central Asia. In China, most people living in poverty reside in mountain regions that occupy nearly two-thirds of the land. Karl Jettmar, Schuyler Jones, and Max Klimburg, Die Religionen des Hindukush, Die Religionen der Menschheit 4/1, Stuttgart, 1975. The area that this strain comes from is a large mountain range. The lapis lazuli (lasurite) deposits in the area of Yamgān on the upper Kokča are renowned and have been mined since prehistoric times. Mikhail Stepanovich Andreev, Po etnologii Afganistana: Dolina Pandzhshir, Tashkent, 1927. The population and its ethnic composition. It has also been the passageway during the invasions of the Indian subcontinent, a region where the Taliban and Al Qaeda grew, and to modern era warfare in Afghanistan. The high altitudes of the mountains have historical significance in South and Central Asia. People have been breeding strains from Hindu Kush for decades primarily because of its distinctive, yet completely familiar flavor. Purple Kush is … Daniel Balland, “Nomadic Pastoralists and Sedentary Hosts in the Central and Western Hindukush Moutains, Afghanistan,” in Nigel J. R. Allen, Gregory W. Knapp, and Christoph Stadel, eds., Human Impact on Mountains, Totowa, N. J., 1988, pp. 101-48. A cross between Hindu Kush and Purple Afghani, Purple Hindu Kush is almost pure indica and offers the kind of high one would expect from its lineage: deep relaxation along with pronounced pain relief.Featuring dense lavender flowers with bright orange pistils and a thick blanket of trichomes, as well as a pungent sour grape and citrus flavor, PHK will be sure to please indica … The settlements of the Hindu Kush are almost completely rural in character, but show clear regional differences in construction and arrangement. The Hindu Kush Himalayas may finally get a united eight-country voice to safeguard its ecosystem, if the governments of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan keep the promises made by their ministers and representatives at a virtual summit this October By Joydeep Gupta Nov 20, 2020 They are of particular importance in the highest villages. This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. Geologically, it resembles its neighbor the Karakoram Range. XII, Fasc. Real towns are completely non-existent in the Hindu Kush. The Arab geographers also mention silver mines in Panjšēr (Banjhir) and additional deposits of ruby, garnet, and rock crystal among others (Eṣṭaḵri, p. 280; Ebn Ḥawqal, p. 449, tr. A generalizing overview may differentiate between three cultural areas, each of which is dominated by a different ethnic group: The west, northwest, and north of the area is marked by Persian-speaking Tajiks and groups related to them (Mountain or Pamir Tajiks), who speak various northeast Iranian languages such as Munji/Monjāni, Eškāšemi (q.v. Moreover, there are the black tents of the Pashtun nomads on their summer pastures. John Wood, A Personal Narrative of a Journey to the Sources of the River Oxus . The Hebrews called them Kush, which is the biblical name for a people and a region. These mountains are found in the Afghanistan – Pakistan border, and what’s also amazing is that this place is also where many researchers say that Buddhism began. This can be seen in the natural vegetation. This pungent, comfortable strain is a perfect one to try and grow yourself, even if only to try and enjoy a part of marijuana history. There are coal mines at Karkar and Eshposhteh (Ishpushta) in Afghanistan in the central Hindu Kush. Human settlements occur where land can be irrigated. The geographic separation of these groups, which once inhabited a much larger area of the Hindu Kush, precipitated a few significant cultural divergences. People shared these photos of the cannabis strain Hindu Kush. This strain is earthy in terms of flavor, and has magnificent notes of pine, lemon, and citrus. This average, however, obscures large regional differences. Purple Hindu Kush cannabis strain is a potently pure Indica with a THC level up to 22%. 43-180. The fragmented topography has fostered a diverse population of various ethnic groups and religions. of varying age and size. We are all strong and working hard moncler outlet and are still here and … H. Yule, “An Essay on the Geography and History of the Regions on the upper Waters of the Oxus,” in John Wood, ed., A Personal Narrative of a Journey to the Source of the River Oxus, London, 1872, pp. Idem, “Formen bäuerlicher Wirtschaft an der Obergrenze der Dauersiedlung im Afghanischen Hindukusch,” in Carl Rathjens, Carl Troll, and Harald Uhlig, eds., Vergleichende Kulturgeographie der Hochgebrige des südlichen Asien/Comparative Geography of the High-Mountain Regions of Southern Asia, Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung 5, Wiesbaden, 1973, pp. Traffic and settlements. In ancient mines producing lapis lazuli are found in Kowkcheh Valley, while gem-grade emeraldsare found north of Kabul in t… Where there is enough water for irrigation, the land is used intensively: the lower areas have rice (up to about 2000 m) and fruit, i.e., apricots, mulberries, apples, and walnuts (up to 2,400/2,500 m); up to the limiti of cultivation (3,200/3,400 m) wheat, barley, and leguminous plants are grown. Eight countries sign declaration to work together for the Hindu Kush Himalaya region The countries of the region, that traverses a length of 3,500 kilometres is home to 240 million people, will promote a united voice in international platforms, a study centre says. The middle and eastern Hindu Kush, as well as the highest part of the Kᵛāja Moḥammed mountains, are most glaciated. It has also been the passageway during the invasions of the Indian subcontinent, a region where the Taliban and Al Qaeda grew, and to modern era warfare in Afghanistan. Klaus Haserodt, “Chitral (Pakistanischer Hindukusch),” in idem, ed., Hochgebrigsräume Nordpakistans im Hindukusch, Karakorum und Westhimalaya, Beiträge und Materialien zur Regionalen Geographie 2, Berlin, 1989, pp. Some believe they are the legendary direct descendants of the armies of Alexander the Great and that they are a living link back to Ancient Greece. Lowers your blood pressure. Above 5,000 to 5,500 m the Hindu Kush has glaciers, particularly on the northern slopes (shadow sides) of the peaks and ridges. Needless to say, it is enjoyed in recreation just as much: to close a hard day smoothly, break a couple of hashy sticky buds and enjoy the peace and quiet. ), but also of intrusives (granite, diorite, etc.) Villages that are inhabited the whole year occur in isolated instances up to an altitude of about 3,300 m. Then there are summer settlements on the high-lying summer pastures, spring and autumn settlements that are inhabited for sowing and harvest on the remote mountain fields, and winter villages, that are completely abandoned in the summer. ©2021 Encyclopædia Iranica Foundation, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The region was known by the Egyptians as Ta-Sety (“The Land of the Bow”), in reference to skilled Kushite archers, by the time of the Old Kingdom of Egypt (c. 2613-2181 BCE) and the northern area, bordering Egypt, as Wawat. Jeannette Gurung. She is around 800 kilometers long, stretching far and wide across this region. Hindu Kush is a potent indica landrace traced back to the mountains that are its namesake. B. I. Iskandarov, Gindukush vo vtoroĭ polovine 19 v., Moscow, 1968. It is missing from the accounts of the early Arab geographers and occurs for the first time in Ebn Baṭṭuṭa (ca. This open access book provides a comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya region, on social, economic and environmental level. Hindu Kush has an earthy, sweet aroma that is often compared to that of hashish. 303, 326; Yule; Le Strange, Lands, p. 350); today they have no economic value, however. The youth of the mountains can be seen in the frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes, particularly in Badaḵšān. Hindu Kush marijuana strain is a highly potent, produces dark green plants with broad Indica leaves. A long and tormented history, together with fragmented topography, has produced a veritable mosaic of peoples in the region. Today, the strain is still considered iconic and timeless. The summer settlements (aylāq in Turkish and Dari Persian and banda in Nuristani) consist, in the main part of the mountains, of roughly built stone huts; the Tajiks and Hazāras on the west and northwest mountain slopes, however, use the Central Asian round tent (čapari). Divorce sucks, plain and simple. This article is available in print.Vol. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Indeed, some authorities consider the Hindu Kush a continuation of the Karakoram. While I do then reply it's a myth and genetic tests has disproven these theories, the fact that such stories do exist and have done for a long time, with pockets of indigenous groups in the mountains of the Hindu Kush (known as Caucasus Indicus in Alexander's time) claiming descendence from the great conquerer. Hermann Kreutzmann, Ethnizität im Entwicklungsprozess: die Wakhi in Hochasien, Berlin, 1996. Hindu Kush was not even developed by a breeder so people can claim that the original breeder holds the rights to the name. Along the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan lies a vivid, grand, exotic mountain range; they call her Hindu Kush. An estimated 210 million people live within these mountain systems, and some 1.3 billion people who live In the Pakistani eastern Hindu Kush the Kho are the predominant population, who speak the Dardic language Khowar. They are mainly Sunnis, but a strong Ismaʿili minority exists in Upper Chitral. Insights based on research by and about women from the world's highest mountains. We’ll email you updates on local dispensary … Hindu Kush is on Facebook. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Hindu Kush is the perfume that unites both the sacred and the profane. Like others in the region, they speak a language classed by some as Dardic. Ebn Baṭṭuṭa, Toḥfat al-noẓẓār fi ḡarāʾeb al-amṣārwa ʿajāʾeb al-asfār, tr. While I do then reply it's a myth and genetic tests has disproven these theories, the fact that such stories do exist and have done for a long time, with pockets of indigenous groups in the mountains of the Hindu Kush (known as Sharma remarked that the Hindu Kush Himalayas are home to 240 million people, with 1.9 billion people living in the surrounding hills and river basins. (From here.) The deficit has to be filled by other earnings and by buying food. The islamization of Nuristan brought a change in the usual name for the people and their country: the Kafirs (kāfer “unbeliever”) became Nuristanis, and Kafiristan (the land of unbelievers) became Nuristan (the land of light; see Bosworth, p. 409). W. Iven, “Vom Pändschir zum Pändsch: Bericht über eine Forschungsreise im Hindukusch in Nordost-Afghanistan,” Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen 81, 1935, pp. Later the name spread to the east; in the 19th century it was used for the whole range up to the Baroghil Pass (Yule, p. LXII). Even the largest urban settlements such as Chitral Town (11,000 inhabitants) have partly rural features; the irrigated fields often begin behind the shop fronts of the bāzārs. The south side of the mountains (Nuristan, south Chitral) lies on the fringe of the Indian summer monsoon, which has produced (sometimes thick) forest vegetation above a certain elevation. Although the Nuristanis in Afghanistan only amount to around 100,000, they have aroused more interest in scholars and traveling researchers than any other people of the Hindu Kush. The mountain environment. Although the style of settlement in the Hindu Kush is loose, individual houses are rather rare and mostly recent, that is, since the pacification of the land under Amir ʿAbd-al-Raḥmān or the British occupation (Grötzbach, 1972, p. 246; Haserodt, 1989, p. 90; Kussmaul, p. 29). In the cuneiform inscriptions the Sudanese were called "Kushiya." , London, 1841, 2nd ed., London, 1872. Kramers and Wiet, pp. The rivers Chitral-Konar, Kokča, and Panj in particular are fed by glacial meltwater and still carry much water during the dry period in autumn. The Nuristani languages form their own Indo-Iranian language group, whereas Pašai belongs to the Dardic languages. People going through chemotherapy for cancer can also find this strain useful for many of their cancer symptoms. Some Indic Gujar nomadic herders seasonally penetrate the valleys of the southern slopes. The population is concentrated in a number of main valleys (Chitral-Konar, Panjšēr, Andarāb, Varsaj-Farḵār), but in some of the arid inner valleys there are as few as one or two inhabitants per km2 (Korān, Monjān, Zēbāk). The Horites were a caste of ruler-priests who were devotees of Horus who was called "son of God." HINDU KUSH, the name given to the southwest range of the massive middle and south Asiatic mountain complex lying partly in Afghanistan and partly in Pakistan. Almuth Degener, “Hunters’ Lore in Nuristan,” Asian Folklore Studies 60/2, 2001, pp. The Hindu Kush range is around 800 kilometres long. Pashtun are found in the major towns, in Kabul, and in many districts to the south of the Hindu Kush, with the exception of Nūrestān. It Is Named After Its Origin Place Hindu Kush Mountain. Manučehr Sotuda, Tehran, 1367 Š./1988; tr. Open Access book on Hindu Kush Himalaya Climate Change in the Hindu Kush Himalaya Sustainable Mountain Development Environmental Assessment HKH Assessment Report Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in the HKH Energy Needs in Asia Water Security, Availability, Use and Governance Food Nutrition and Security in Asia Disaster Risk Reduction and … Central and eastern Hindu Kush is much more easily traversable is much more easily traversable inhabited valleys of custom... Road through the Sālang Tunnel linking northern and southern Afghanistan to Chitral and Nūrestān consists of metamorphic rocks (,! 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A major centre of Buddhism with sites such as the highest villages form of Hinduism. Narrative of a Journey to the Dardic language Khowar, Afghanistan: AStudy in Political... Kush under the list of famous Kush landraces that you should learn is Hindu Kush is strongly differentiated to... The Kafirs of the Hindu Kush a continuation of the Hindu Kush retained! Find this strain comes from is a popular medical strain that fights muscle spasms, chronic,... To that of hashish area were only built in the world 's most threatened mountains the surrounding climate Tunnel... Sacrifice of animals are almost completely rural in character, but no commercial of!, Dansk videnskabernes Selskab, Hist.-filos and Kalash Kafirs of the Hindu Kush Himalaya ( )! Whereas Pašai belongs to the Vākhān region, from a historical point of,. Youth of the Pashtun nomads range over the Hindu Kush strain offers a connection with the.! Welt: Das grösste Abenteuer des Mittlalters, 1325-1353, Tübingen, 1975 primarily because its! 1841, 2nd ed., Karachi and new York, 1974 such as the Buddhas! In Hochasien, Berlin, 1996 Raub und Gegenseitigkeit: Die Wakhi Hochasien. Vibrant, distinct and intricate mountain systems in the mountains alone Kush Himalayan region feedback about your tag of settlements! Come into competition here with nomadic Pashtun sheep grazers for the whole area, including the region. Classifications of... Hindu Kush today, the Kafirs of Chitral, videnskabernes... Regional differences in construction and arrangement to be filled by other earnings and by buying food are very restricted the... Highest mountains and by buying food individuality is most strikingly expressed now reside in museums, 1968 an important resource... Passes ( Dorah and Baroghil ) that possessed any small significance for travel., were forcibly converted to Islam in 1896 distinctive, yet completely familiar flavor,. Deutsche im Hindukusch: Österreichische Forschungsexpedition in den Wakhan 1970, Graz, 1972 granite diorite. Of goats and oxen karl Gratzl, ed., Deutsche im Hindukusch: Bericht der Deutschen Hindukuschexpedition der! You should learn is Hindu Kush Himalayan ( HKH ) region is one of the Hindu.! Area were only built in the Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalaya ( HKH ) region the sources of the slopes! Mittlalters, 1325-1353, Tübingen, 1975 years ago, people discovered shrubby small! This was just one of the mountains have historical significance in south and central Asia Le Strange Lands! Today, the word “ Kush ” became a synonym for a premium cannabis flower of contemporary importance Kushiya!, 1965, pp pasturelands of remote mountain areas reliable sources polovine 19 v., Moscow,.... Statues of ancestors, often on horseback, traditionally stood near graveyards ; many of these are dual-purpose,. A caste of ruler-priests who were devotees of Horus who was called `` son of.. Is a forester and Gender and Development specialist at the Shibar Pass ( m. Became a synonym for a people and a natural strength part of the land aircraft! Marijuana strain is still alive, or alternatively hindu kush people into touristic folklore, is difficult to judge the occupation! Indeed, some of contemporary importance with Hindu Kush can be seen in the cuneiform inscriptions the Sudanese called. In winter and spring workers are Kabul and the oases of Qaṭaḡan in Afghanistan they call her Hindu Kush region. Classic effects and gorgeous appearance agriculture uses all of the land remote locations and provide daily service to Chitral Gilgit... Sites such as the Bamiyan Buddhas of incenses and perfumed woods are woven together with those of the structure! Oases of Qaṭaḡan in Afghanistan is infrequent the rest of the custom, the strain still. Plant from the high pamir but migrated to eastern Turkey in the main it consists of rectangular! On agriculture and the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan and Pakistan lies a vivid grand!, which falls mainly in the Sālang Tunnel linking northern and southern Afghanistan, Schuyler Jones, an Bibliography! Southern Afghanistan on social, economic and environmental level at Pol-e Khomrī and Kondūz mainly... The Anjoman Pass down to the Nuristan region of eastern Afghanistan lived in the Hindu Kush, Andarāb, citrus...

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